Detailed sheets

The living quarter

There are some temporary dwelling places next to the temples, which were closely linked to the carrying out of community ceremonies.

The insula 1 (diameter 19.40 metres), built on a steep granite incline and bordered by an external wall, comprises 12 rooms open on to a central circular courtyard (diameter 7.30 metres) with a beaten clay floor, to level off the irregularity of the rocky base, where there are still clear traces of fires (fig. 1).

Fig. 1 - Insula 1 (photo by Unicity S.p.A.).

During its use, it underwent continuous adaptations and modifications that are still visible in the walls of the various rooms (figs. 2, 3), which are still preserved also at 2 metres height. It is hypothesised that the roofs were single or double sloping, as can be seen by the remains of a longitudinal beam found inside room no. 8.

Fig. 2 - Insula 1 (photo by Unicity S.p.A.).

In the niches inside the huts, or high up on the walls facing the courtyard placed in the centre of the insula, urns, bowls and milk boiling vases have been found with large jugs with geometric decorations from the early Iron Age.

Fig. 3 - Wall composition in the areas of insula 1 (photo by Unicity S.p.A.).

Thermal insulation systems of walls, obtained by using clay plaster with traces of grey-blue colour are still visible in rooms nos. 3 and 7.

There are pithoi, fragments of bronze swords, buttons, bronze foil, bucket handles, parts of bronze figures, copper oxide ingots and lumps, pieces of bronze grouped together for being melted, all in structure 3. Trachyte bowls were placed in the rooms nos. 6, 8 and 9 (fig. 4).

Fig. 4 - Trachyte bowls from room 6 in insula 1 (photo by Unicity S.p.A.).

The carbon layer shown above the floor of room 8 contained jars, a melting pot handle and milk-boiling vases with large handles, pear-shaped and askoid jugs with geometrical decorations.

A second grouping of huts, insula 2, located in an area that was strongly sloping between the megaron temple 1 and 3, has only been partly dug up so far.

Inside, 10 rooms arranged around a sub-elliptical perimeter were found (figs. 5, 6).

Fig. 5 - Aerial view of insula 2 (photo by Unicity S.p.A.).
Fig. 6 - Room 2 of insula 2 (photo by Unicity S.p.A.).

Unfortunately, the considerable state of collapse does not allow us to understand how the areas of this settlement were divided up, but it would seem that they belonged to an earlier construction phase.


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