Etruscan Kantharos in Bucchero style
The nineteenth century damage to the Tharros necropolises in the search for treasure caused the dispersion of so many funeral items, some of which ended up in private and public collections.
The sacking also involved the Old Phoenician necropolises, where several importation items come from, including Etruscan Bucchero earthenware.
The kantharos is a cup with high handles on the edge (figs. 1-3) and the Etruscan item most commonly found in Tharros and throughout Sardinia. The Rasmussen 3e type is part of this genre, and can be dated to the first half of the 6th century B.C.
This particular cup was destined for the symposium, where it was used expressly to drink win; in fact it can often be seen in the Greek world depicted as being held in Dionisus’ hand (fig. 4).
The Phoenicians in Sardinia held close trade relations with the large coastline cities in southern Etruria: Vulci, Tarquinia and Cerveteri, and took large amount of earthenware from them (fig. 5), that was then used in Phoenician cities, and redistributed in the native inland communities that had acquired the custom of drinking wine in exotic containers.
- P. E. ARIAS, Storia della ceramica di età arcaica, classica ed ellenistica e della pittura di età arcaica e classica, Torino 1963
- M. GRAS, Les importations du VI siécle avant J.-C. à Tharros (Sardaigne). Muséede Cagliari, Antiquarium Arborense d’Oristano, in Mélanges de l’Ecole Francaise de Rome. Antiquité, 86, 1974, pp. 79-139
- T. H. RASMUSSEN, Bucchero pottery from southern Etruria, Cambridge 1979
- S. SANTOCCHINI GERG, Le relazioni tra Etruschi, Sardi e Fenici in Sardegna (630-480 a.C.), Bologna 2014.
- G.UGAS, R. ZUCCA, Il commercio arcaico in Sardegna, Cagliari 1984