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History of the Giants’ tomb of Thomes

The oldest ceramic fragments found in the excavation of Thomes (fig. 1) date to the Middle Bronze 1 Age (facies of Sa Turricula 1600-1500 B.C.), the period when the tomb was built.

Fig. 1 - Giants’ tomb of Thomes-Dorgali (photo by Unicity S.p.A.).

The Middle Bronze Age (1600-1300 B.C.) in Sardinia can be divided into three facies: Sa Turricula, Monti Mannu and San Cosimo (fig. 2).

Fig. 2 - Giants’ tomb of San Cosimo-Gonnosfanadiga (from

Allée-couverte Nuraghe were built during the early stages of the Middle Bronze Age while tholos Nuraghe were only built at the end of the Age. Villages with huts made with a stone base or with wood material and mud bricks have been documented. Simultaneously with the allée-couverte Nuraghe (fig. 3), collective tombs were also built, the so-called giants’ tombs, whose evolution from the orthostatic-dolmen type to one with an isodomic masonry technique almost certainly took place within the Middle Bronze Age 2 (facies of Monti Mannu).

Fig. 3 - The Sa Fogaia-Siddi protonuraghe (from

Artefacts from Roman times and the Medieval Age (III century B.C.-VI/VII century A.D.), albeit sporadic, document the inhabitation of the monument, or in any case of the area on which it stands, even during later ages than the Nuraghic one.


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