The "capanne a corte"
A new group of houses was built during the Iron Age (Nuragic II, 8th-6th century B.C.), on the ruins of Su Nuraxi, close to the bulwark and the Nuraghe. This included over a hundred rooms, comprising huts around a central courtyard, that had either a circular or oval perimeter wall, and rooms that were mostly square, probably with wooden conical roofs and that were grouped around a round paved courtyard (fig. 1).
The walls of the rooms used for making food and meals, for sleeping, for workshops and stores for perishable goods are made with small and medium sized stones, mostly marl, that are cemented together with mud mortar (fig. 2).
The dwellings were furnished with votive offerings, ovens, fireplaces, channels for the outflow of water, rectangular tubs and round basins (figs. 3, 4).
Inside, mills, pestles and mortars for milling wheat and other cereals, pottery tableware and other items required for domestic life were found.
- LILLIU G., ZUCCA R., Su Nuraxi di Barumini, Sardegna archeologica, Guide e Itinerari, Sassari 1988.
- MURRU G., Barumini. Su Nuraxi e il villaggio nuragico, Fondazione Barumini Sistema Cultura, 2007.
- PAGLIETTI G., Su Nuraxi di Barumini: revisione delle designazioni adottate in planimetria, in ArcheoArte, Rivista elettronica di Archeologia e Arte, n. 2, 2013, pp. 43-64.
- SANTONI V., Il nuraghe Su Nuraxi di Barumini, Guide e Studi, Quartu Sant’Elena 2001.
- UGAS G., La Sardegna nuragica. Aspetti generali, in MORAVETTI A., ALBA L., FODDAI L. (a cura di), La Sardegna Nuragica. Storia e materiali, Sassari 2014, pp. 11-34.