Food in the village
Animal-rearing and agriculture were at the basis of the economy for the Nuragic population in Su Nuraxi. Food was based on produce of the land, especially wheat and barley and on the rearing of animals (cattle, pigs and sheep and goats), added to by products from hunting and fishing, as can be seen from the deer, wild boar, bird and sea mollusc remains.
The production and use of pottery ware used for the cooking of food are useful for reconstructing the various aspects of daily life in the Su Nuraxi settlement (fig. 1).
During the Recent Bronze Age a new type of vase was produced used to boil liquids, the so-called “milk-boiling vase”. In the same period, several pots and trays were produced, which were low and open, that were especially suited to baking bread and various types of flatbread (fig. 2).
The bread was also decorated using the dough “pintaderas” (clay stamps) that left different patterns impressed on the bread (fig. 3).
With regard to the modes in which food was cooked, Nuragic kitchens had a number of supports that avoided direct contact between the container and the embers of the fire, including the horseshoe-shaped stove and the calefattoio.
Direct and indirect proof also shows the cultivation of vines and drinking of wine during the Nuragic Age. Chemical analyses have also shown that askoid pitchers were used for wine (fig. 4).
- BAGELLA S., Fondo di tegame - scheda 5, in MORAVETTI A., ALBA L., FODDAI L. (a cura di), La Sardegna Nuragica. Storia e materiali, Sassari 2014, p. 231.
- BAGELLA S., Mestolo miniaturistico - scheda 41, in MORAVETTI A., ALBA L., FODDAI L. (a cura di), La Sardegna Nuragica. Storia e materiali, Sassari 2014, p. 237.
- BAGELLA S., Brocca askoide - scheda 51, in MORAVETTI A., ALBA L., FODDAI L. (a cura di), La Sardegna Nuragica. Storia e materiali, Sassari 2014, p. 239.
- BAGELLA S., Pintadera - scheda 15, in MORAVETTI A., ALBA L., FODDAI L. (a cura di), La Sardegna Nuragica. Storia e materiali, Sassari 2014, p. 257.
- LILLIU G., ZUCCA R., Su Nuraxi di Barumini, Sardegna archeologica, Guide e Itinerari, Sassari 1988.
- MURRU G., Barumini. Su Nuraxi e il villaggio nuragico, Fondazione Barumini Sistema Cultura, 2007.
- PAGLIETTI G., Analisi del corredo ceramico dei pozzetti della capanna 135 di Su Nuraxi (Barumini, Cagliari), in Rivista di Scienze Preistoriche, LXI, 2011, pp. 215-230.
- SANTONI V., Il nuraghe Su Nuraxi di Barumini, Guide e Studi, Quartu Sant’Elena 2001.