Animal remains from the village area
Animal bone remains (figs. 1, 2) were found during the dig of huts (rooms 11, 32, 41, 97, 135, and house with courtyard 11) in the village of Barumini, mostly belonging to domestic animals (cattle, sheep and goats, and pigs); the deer is a considerable presence among the wild animals.
There are also small amounts of fragments of sea molluscs, the result of occasional consumption but that proves the contact with the coast.
In in hut 135, remains of small birds, rodents and deer antlers were found inside pottery items, also containing ashes and coal, and laid in wells dug into the natural rock floor and used as ritual offerings and/or libations in a domestic or community environment (fig. 3).
Animal remains show that some domestic animals such as sheep, cattle and pigs were reared in the village, but hunting also played a rather important role, as documented by the presence of deer and wild boar remains. While the sheep, goats and pigs were butchered at a young age, the cattle were almost adults and therefore were probably used for agricultural work and butchered at the end of their productive career.
- LILLIU G., Il nuraghe di Barumini e la stratigrafia nuragica, in Studi Sardi, XXII-XXIII, 1955, pp. 437-455, fig. 116, tavv. LXX-XXXVI, 23-25.
- LILLIU G., ZUCCA R., Su Nuraxi di Barumini, Sardegna archeologica, Guide e Itinerari, Sassari 1988.
- MURRU G., Barumini. Su Nuraxi e il villaggio nuragico, Fondazione Barumini Sistema Cultura, 2007.
- PAGLIETTI G., Analisi del corredo ceramico dei pozzetti della capanna 135 di Su Nuraxi (Barumini, Cagliari), in Rivista di Scienze Preistoriche, LXI, 2011, pp. 215-230.
- PAGLIETTI G., Su Nuraxi di Barumini: revisione delle designazioni adottate in planimetria, in ArcheoArte, Rivista elettronica di Archeologia e Arte, n. 2, 2013, pp. 43-64.
- SANTONI V., Il nuraghe Su Nuraxi di Barumini, Guide e Studi, Quartu Sant’Elena 2001, pp. 69-81.