In 1984 a medieval necropolis was discovered a few hundred metres from the Castle della Fava, situated in Part'e Sole. The excavation revealed 17 graves (many of them of children), some were pit tombs and others were carved in stone, dating from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries according to the elements which constituted the grave goods (fig. 1).
Since ancient times, the dead have been placed inside tombs together with their grave goods, which consisted of everyday objects (terracotta and glass vases, weapons, jewellery, coins), and which differed according to the era and social status of the deceased. Clothing items (belts, buckles) and devotional objects (tags, rosaries) are often found within Medieval Age burials.
From a child’s burial, archaeologists have unearthed two bronze tags in addition to a bronze bell and various necklace beads made of shell (shells) and jet (fossil wood) materials (figs. 2-3): one represents an Annunciation scene on one side and an architectural facade, perhaps a church, on the other, the second has a male bust and bearded face, which may probably be identified with Christ, and a kneeling character. Based on a coin found on the head of the deceased, the grave has been dated between the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, and history seems to agree with the iconography of the two tags.
- R. D’ORIANO, Posada (Nuoro): necropoli medievale nel centro dell’abitato. Nuovo Bullettino Archeologico Sardo 1, pp. 382-383.
- R. D’ORIANO ET ALII, Posada. Località Parte Sole, necropoli medievale, in Il Suburbio delle città in Sardegna: persistenze e trasformazioni. Atti del III convegno di studio sull’archeologia tardoromana e altomedievale in Sardegna (Cuglieri, 28-29 Giugno1986). Mediterraneo tardoantico e medioevale. Scavi e ricerche 7, Taranto 1989, pp. 51-58.
- R. MARTORELLI, C. AMANTE SIMONI, I corredi funerari e la suppellettile metallica, in L’archeologia romana e altomedievale nell’Oristanese. Atti del Convegno di Cuglieri (22-23 giugno 1984). Mediterraneo tardoantico e medioevale. Scavi e ricerche 3, Taranto 1986, pp. 161-189.